"Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning, and research resources released under an open license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OER can be full courses, course materials, lesson plans, open textbooks, learning objects, videos, games, tests, software, or any other tool, material, or technique that supports access to knowledge." from SPARC
Open Educational Resources are broadly considered to meet the “5Rs Framework,” meaning that users are free to:
|Retain||Users have the right to make, archive, and "own" copies of the content|
|Reuse||Content can be reused in its unaltered form|
|Revise||Content can be adapted, adjusted, modified or altered|
|Remix||The original or revised content can be combined with other content to create something new|
|Redistribute||Copies of the content can be shared with others in its original, revised or remixed form|
There are four main categories for OERs:
Open Textbooks - written for anyone to use, share and modify for educational purposes. These sources are created with an open license (part of Creative Commons license).
Open Repositories - these sources can include lectures, quizzes, notes, modules, syllabi, assignments, games, and simulations.
Publicly-Funded Initiatives - publicly funded educational resources are made available for free.
OpenCourseWare (OCW) - created by educators and made available for free. OCW follow same format as a course, providing planning and instructional materials. MOOC is one example.