Skip to Main Content

Environmental Sciences 101

Use this guide for ENV 101 research with Michigan environmental issue and alternative energy sources

Quick glossary of terms


Information that is false though not deliberately; that is created inadvertently or by mistake. 


The deliberate creation and distribution of information that is false and deceptive in order to mislead an audience. 


Information that may or may not be true that is designed to engender support for a political view or an ideology. 

Source:  Stengel. R. (2019). Information wars: How we lost the global battle against disinformation & what we can do about it. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. 

Science in America

Science in America (2017). Redglass Pictures 

Misinformation as it relates to science -- Good articles to read