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Environmental Sciences 105

Use this guide for ENV 105 research paper.

APA 7th Edition 2019

Purdue OWL - APA

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) offers a APA Formatting and Style Guide.

Use Purdue OWL for help with:

    In-text citations
    Examples of citations by source
    Works Cited formatting
    Paper formatting

Excelsior Online Writing Lab

APA Tutorial - Try It

APA Citation Format Examples

Journal Article Electronic Format from a Research Database

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy

Note: if no DOI number,  then use the URL.  APA does not require you to list the database name. 

Jafari, N., Jafari, N., Vosoughia, S., Utaberta, N., Yunos, M. Y. M., Ismail, N. A., & Ariffin, N. F. M. (2015). Influence of residents' preference of urban agriculture at rooftop garden on awareness about rooftop garden. Advances in Environmental Biology, 9(24), 71+. Retrieved from https://www.scimagojr.com/index.php

Three (3) or twenty (20) authors

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Jafari, N., Jafari, N., Vosoughia, S., Utaberta, N., Yunos, M. Y. M., Ismail, N. A., & Ariffin, N. F. M. (2015). Influence of residents' preference of urban agriculture at rooftop garden on awareness about rooftop garden. Advances in Environmental Biology, 9(24), 71+. Retrieved from https://www.scimagojr.com/index.php

[note: the second and third line of a citation should have a hanging indent of .5]

Website

A webpage or online content

Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Johnson, B. (2020, June 11). Racial & Food Justice — A Resource. The Cornell Daily Sun. https://cornellsun.com/2020/06/11/racial-food-justice-a-resource/

[note: the second and third line of a citation should have a hanging indent of .5]

Group or organization

Group name. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Environmental Protection Agency (2016, June 27). Using green roofs to reduce heat islandshttps://www.epa.gov/heat-islands/using-green-roofs-reduce-heat-islands

Book

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.

Novak, A. (2016). The rooftop growing guide: how to transform your roof into a vegetable garden or farm. Ten Speed Press.

Formating a Works Cited Page

Start a new page..

The title of the page (References) should be centered and not underlined.

The page should be double-spaced; bring each new reference to the margin and indent the remainder of the reference.

Only use last names and first initials, not full first names.

Only references cited in your paper appear in the References. Likewise, anything cited in your paper must appear in the References.

If you did not actually read an article but read about it (secondary sources), you must cite the article of interest and the source you read utilized within the text of your paper.

Adding In-text Citations

The symbol "&" is used inside parentheses; the word "and" is used in text..

The author's last name and the year of publication should appear in any in text citation.

Be aware of how to cite a work with multiple authors, and how this format will change after the first citation.

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