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Human Trafficking and Smuggling

Use this guide to locate information about this topic in print and electronically through the Bailey Library.

Key terms to use to search for information

  • human trafficking
  • human smuggling
  • human trade
  • trafficking of humans
  • trafficking in persons
  • trafficking AND people
  • modern day slavery
  • slavery
  • slave labor
  • human exploitation
  • sexual exploitation
  • sex trafficking
  • sex AND slavery
  • prostitution
  • child prostitution
  • child sex tourism
  • child slaves
  • slavery AND children
  • child labor
  • forced labor
  • labor exploitation
  • women, crimes against
  • slavery AND women
  • abuse, slavery
  • transnational crime
  • slavelike

What is Human Trafficking

The U.S. Government defines human trafficking as:

Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age.

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. (Trafficking Victims Protection Act).

The United Nations defines human trafficking:

Trafficking in human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipts of persons, by means of threat or the use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another, for the purpose of exploitation.