Welcome to the STEAM Research Guide. This guide is to assist students who are taking courses in the arts and sciences. It will also help other students, faculty, or staff doing research in the areas of STEAM or Education.
Use the tabs to find the information you need to start researching. You can find help on journal articles, finding books in the library, and how to cite your sources.
If you have any questions or would like personal help doing your research, use the contact information on the right of the page. One-on-one consultations are available for students, faculty, and staff.
What is a peer-reviewed article?
Peer review is the system used to assess the quality of a manuscript before it is published. Independent researchers in the relevant research area assess submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to help editors determine whether a manuscript should be published in their journal.
Source: BioMedCentral. (n/a). Peer review process. https://www.biomedcentral.com/getpublished/peer-review-process
Peer-review process for publication in a journal:
Source: Scientific Forefront Journal. (n/a). Publication process. http://www.scientificforefront.org/publicationprocess.php
Once you identify a great article, look for the following
Note: The structure and format of peer-reviewed scientific manuscripts (articles) are changing. You might find peer-reviewed articles without a separate literature review and conclusion sections. These sections will be part of the introduction and discussion sections.
Source: (2019). How I read a scholarly article. University of Illinois Undergraduate Library https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZS1Beio11M&feature=emb_logo
An abstract is a summary of the article, and will give you an idea of what the article is about and how it will be written. If there are lots of complicated subject-specific words in the abstract, the article will be just as hard to read.
This is where the author will repeat all of their ideas and their findings. Some authors even use this section to compare their study to others. By reading this, you will notice a few things you missed, and will get another overview of the content.
This is usually where the author will lay out their plan for the article and describe the steps they will take to talk about their topic. By reading this, you will know what parts of the article will be most relevant to your topic!
These are called topic sentences, and will usually introduce the idea for the paragraph that follows. By reading this, you can make sure that the paragraph has information relevant to your topic before you read the entire thing.
Now that you have gathered the idea of the article through the abstract, conclusion, introduction, and topic sentences, you can read the rest of the article!
To review: Abstract → Conclusion (and Discussion) → Introduction → Topic Sentences → Entire Article
Source: (2011). Types of scholarly articles. VCU Libraries. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEsAKqXSfbY&feature=emb_logo
Scholarly articles (published in print and/or online scholarly journals) are reviewed by experts in a process known as peer review before they are published. They are written for other scholars or experts.
Here is a list of different types of scholarly articles.
Other content you may find in scholarly journals:
Source: (2020). Types of scholarly articles. UC Merced Library.