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Web Searching and Web Evaluation

Use this guide for Google academic research.

Using the Web for Academic Research

The Web is here to stay, and more and more students are using Google for academic research.  Use this LibGuide to help you search Google for academic research.  Learn what is available and the limitations for Google searching for academic research.

READ about web searching

How Google Works by Google

Google Search Limiters you probably never used!

Google Search Google Search Limiters
Web allinanchor:, allintext:, allintitle:, allinurl:, cache:, define:, filetype:, id:, inanchor:, info:, intext:, intitle:, inurl:, link:, related:, site:
Image allintitle:, allinurl:, filetype:, inurl:, intitle:, site:
News allintext:, allintitle:, allinurl:, intext:, intitle:, inurl:, location:, source:
Product Search  allintext:, allintitle:
Groups allintext:, allintitle:, author:, group:, insubject:, intext:, intitle:

Search Operators

Search for exact phrase

Use quotes to search for an exact word or set of words.

"ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country"

Exclude a word

Add a dash (-) before a word or site to exclude all results that include that word. 

mustang speed -car

Include similar words

Add a tilde sign (~) immediately in front of a word to search for that word as well as even more synonyms.

~locavore to include local food

Search within a site or domain

Include "site:" to search for information within a single website.

detroit site:freep.com

Include a "fill in the blank"

Use an asterisk (*) within a query as a placeholder for any unknown or "wildcard" terms.  Who said this quote?

"Good *, good *, and a * conscience: this is the ideal life"

Search for either word

If you want to search for pages that may have just one of several words, include OR (capitalized) between the words.

 locavore OR "local foods"

Search for a number range

Separate numbers by two periods (with no spaces) to see results that contain numbers in a given range of things like dates, prices, and measurements.

2011..2012 president france
webcam  $10..$25

Additional Help from Google